The Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek explores the remote northern part of Nepal and leads you to the hidden & exotic Tsum Valley, which is a habitat of numerous species of flora and fauna. Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek is one of the less-visited trekking trails in the Himalayas. The remoteness and limited availability of tourist infrastructures have kept the overflow of tourists away from the region. Our 23 days on-the-road trail is adventurous and offers an off-the-beaten trekking experience. All of the above factors have played a huge role in keeping the entire region unspoiled and preserved.
Nestled between Boudha Himal and Himal Chuli in the west, Ganesh Himal in the south, and Shringi Himal in the north, Tsum Valley boasts spectacular scenery and tempting views of the Himalayas. The Manaslu Tsum Valley Trekking trail opened in 2008, so it is more like a new trekking trail in the Himalayas. It used to be a camping trek, however, basic lodges and homestays are available these days.
The region that was once a part of Tibet has a radically distinct appearance from other locations. The Tsumbas, also known as the residents of Tsum Valley, are of Tibetan descent and have their unique ancient dialect, art, culture, and religion. This high and enigmatic valley, which once served as a crucial trading route between China and Tibet, has only been reached by a select few daring adventurers. We first trek the conventional Manaslu route, followed by other trekking trails, and then move towards the more unique Trail of Manaslu Tsum Valley.
The region is still less established than other major tourist destinations, with fewer built roads and more unexplored terrain. Many visitors might be quite surprised by the Tsum people's unique approach to family life. It may be said that polyandry is practiced in the family because each of the brothers is married to just one girl.
The Tsum Valley was once a distinct geographical region known as "Tsum Tso Chuksum," which refers to the region governed by the thirteen provinces. Many of the Tsum Kingdom's remnants can still be found in the secluded valley, which has largely escaped infrastructure and urbanization. Thus, the valley's native culture is still there and unaltered.
The 'Abominable figure' or 'Yeti' has been sighted throughout this isolated terrain, to begin with, the Tsum valley is home to the great Buddhist Guru Milarepa, who was once reflected inside the valley's mountain retreats.
At Outfitter Nepal, we have designed our 23 Days Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek itinerary, adding adequate acclimatization days in between the trek. The ample rest days keep you away from altitude sickness and give you more time to spend with locals and explore villages. Likewise, during the trek, you are guided by our professional guides and porters. We make sure you are enjoying every moment of the journey with us. For more information regarding our package, read below or contact us anytime. Find the things you will get to see & experience during the Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek.
Why is Manaslu Tsum Valley considered a restricted region?
There are certain conservation areas in Nepal that are protected by the government to preserve the area’s precious nature and culture. Manaslu Tsum Valley is one of those regions. Restricted doesn’t mean you can’t travel in the area at all; it just means that there are certain restrictions one must follow in order to travel to the region. For instance, it is important to note that there should be a group of at least 2 trekkers. A solo trekker cannot get any permits to trek in the Manaslu Tsum Valley Region.
The Manaslu Conservation Area, under the control of the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, enveloped the whole Tsum Valley in 1998. The National Trust for Nature Conservation, a conservation organization established by a unique law in Nepal, is charged with managing this area. Similarly, in the sacred valley, Tsumba adheres to a spiritual commitment that includes protecting nature and culture. Thus, you get to enjoy nature in its rawest form here at the Manaslu Tsum Valley trek.
What to expect from Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek?
The isolation of the Manaslu region has increased the level of thrill and excitement of the overall trek. On the way, you pass by fine villages surrounded by superb snow-capped mountains and lush forests. You get to meet and interact with locals. Likewise, many stupas, monasteries, chortens, prayer wheels, and prayer flags can be seen throughout the trail.
Through a mixture of lush woodland, terraced fields, and hill communities, the trek ascends through mesmerizing Budhi Gandaki. We suddenly have the impression that we are entering the Tsum Valley, which is genuinely hidden, as we depart the main Manaslu Trail for it. Along the way, we pass through glacial rivers and alpine woods and enjoy the friendly welcome of residents. Pass via the Liding, Machhakhola, Jagat, and Philim sections of the lower Budi Gandaki. We also visit several of the region's historic Gombas, including Rachen Gompa, Mu Gompa, and Dephyudonma Gompa. If you've ever read this popular book 'Into the Wild' or maybe watched the movie, prepare yourself for the same adventurous experience plus a happy ending!
What’s so unique about the people and culture of the Manaslu Tsum Valley region?
Residing far away from modern society and advancement, people here are highly committed to their families, community, and faith. The region is blessed with a strong cultural heritage, and the locals are happy to live a unique life far from modernity. The locals here are kind, humble, and friendly. Buddhism is the main religion followed by the locals in this region. A very famous Buddhist saint called Milarepa is believed to be mediated in one of the caves in the mountains here.
On the trail, you come across many monasteries, stupas, Mani walls, and prayer flags. The Tsumba people's spirituality, cultural traditions, and conservation are maintained through a variety of social and cultural gatherings, such as the Shyagya Festivals, which foster neighborhood cohesion and commitment.
In addition to upholding Tsumba cultural values, beliefs, and practices of nature-culture conservation, these festivals also impart them to future generations. Due to the steadfast collective acts of Tsumba and their leaders, biocultural preservation and peaceful practices flourish in the Tsumba domain of life.
How to celebrate when you’re in Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek?
When it comes to visiting a new location, the trip is only worthwhile if every aspect is investigated. If you’re someone who loves to celebrate, we’re sure that Manaslu Tsum Festivals are bound to leave you in awe. Trekkers may be fortunate enough to witness the festivals that the Tsum Valley celebrates, which are a significant component of the culture. Numerous festivals and mask dances are among the long-held rites in the region.
The Tibetan New Year is symbolically represented by the premier festival known as "The Lhosar." The celebration is observed earlier by the locals of the lower Tsum Valley than by those of the higher valley. Another significant festival in the valley is called "The Horse Festival." The daytime horse race is attended by the male population of the valley. The women perform singing and dancing with them in the evening.
"Happy Saka Dawa," observed on the Saka Dawa full moon day, commemorates the birth of Lord Buddha, his enlightenment, and the attainment of Nirvana. In the Vinaya scripture, the Lama Zopa Rinpoche states that any ceremony performed on this particular day will be magnified 100,000,000 times. Hence, the worshippers execute rituals with tremendous confidence in nearby nunneries and monasteries. Some people even observe a daylong fast. With our ultimate 23-day trek in the hidden valley of Tsum, we hope you get to explore the real Tsum culture!
Best Features of the Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek
- A scenic drive from Kathmandu through the typical Nepali villages
- Explore the Manaslu region's secret valleys and less-traveled trails
- Discover the intriguing hiking trails in the remote Tsum Valley
- Unforgettable Views of Mt. Manaslu, Simrang, Hiunchuli, Ngadi Chuli, Ganesh Himal, Larkye Peak, and others
- Cross the popular Larkye Pass
- Enjoy the thrilling journey via raging rivers and waterfalls, difficult rocky terrain, ethnic communities, towering suspension bridges, ancient monasteries, Mani walls, chortens, and other Buddhist shrines
- Learn more about the Mu Gompa, Rachen Gompa, and Ribung Monastery
Major Attractions of Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek
Off-the-beaten Trekking in the Manaslu Himalayan Terrain
Tsum Valley Trek involves several trodden paths. The trail includes numerous steep climbing on a rugged path. The trail is a part of the Himalayas that is more on the tough side and tests your physical endurance. It can get tricky for some time. Make sure you follow the lead of your guide.
The Manaslu Tsum valley continues to rank among Nepal's less-traveled destinations compared to other trekking areas. Thus, some level of serious suffering is necessary for the trek. Few trekkers get to the secret valley, which was once the commerce route to Tibet.
Adventurous Lush Forests and Picturesque Villages
During the Tsum Valley Trekking, you pass by numerous dense forests, which are home to several species of flora and fauna. You get to see a range of vegetation and wildflowers. You can also spot rare animals such as Blue Sheep and Himalayan Tahr. The trail similarly passes through charming alpine communities. Every community you travel through has something unique to offer.
Wonderful and Hidden Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek
Tsum Valley is a secret and revered Himalayan valley of the Manaslu pilgrimage. The valley has a lengthy, rich cultural history. People in this area are allegedly descended from Tibetans. They are called Tsumbas and speak a distinct dialect. The valley, as a whole, has an abundance of flora and fauna. The region has remained pristine and unspoiled by travelers due to its isolation.
If you don't mind being a little "rough" and far from civilization, the trek to the Tsum Valley is the ideal excursion. The journey will offer doors to opportunities for beautiful travel as well as the discovery of the distinctive local culture.
Ancient Monasteries like Rachen Nunnery and Mu Gompa
The Tibetan culture is being brought to life by several Buddhist monasteries in Manaslu Tsum Valley. The vibrant flags and Mani walls give the hikers the courage to continue on the trail. The trek's breathtaking views of the Lamjung Himal, Ganesh Himal, and Mount Manaslu will astound hikers as they pass through a lovely shaded forest of pine, juniper, and rhododendron.
In 1936, Dukpa Rinpoche, who meditated in the caves of the valley, established Rachen Nunnery and Mu Gompa. Later, his incarnation took care of the monastery till 2002. These monasteries offer an ancient and rich culture and tradition of the region.
Tempting views of the Himalayan Mountains throughout the journey
During Tsum Valley Trek, you get to see the outstanding views of the Himalayan mountains like Ganesh Himal (7,422 m), Mt. Manaslu (8,156 m), Boudha Himal (6,672 m), Shringi Himal (7,161 m), Himalchuli (7,893 m), etc. Likewise, you get to see the breathtaking landscape and lush green hills.