Once you've decided to go on a trek to Everest Base Camp, packing is one of the most arduous undertakings. You must know what is necessary for the trek and what to avoid when packing. You should bring whatever you require. But you don't want to pack too lightly or too heavily.
Either you or a hired porter will carry all of your gear while you are on the journey. A porter will transport 15 to 20 kilograms. You must thus ensure that the total weight of your belongings does not exceed this limit.
You carrying your luggage by yourself isn't a funny business either. At elevations of more than 4000 meters, you will be trekking over unforgiving terrain. You'll need to be concerned about the increased weight in addition to paying attention to your feet and balance.
Note: What you need also varies on the time of year you travel to the base camp. Depending on the weather while on the trek, modifications may be necessary. Please note that this is sample equipment and gear packing list for your trek to Everest Base Camp. Depending upon the seasons, some items you carry will vary. For instance, during the months of spring, your packing list will be less in number because you may not have to carry extra clothing. Similarly, in winter, you might have to carry extra layers. The equipment that you pack will also depend upon your personal preference!
The temperature in the Everest Region varies depending upon the seasons and the elevation. The temperature might range between -7 degrees to 23 degrees Celsius depending upon the elevation in spring. Similarly, in autumn, the temperature ranges between -8 degrees Celsius and 18 degrees Celsius. Likewise, during the winter months, the temperature can go as low as -18 degrees Celsius. Additionally, the weather in the Everest region can range from -5 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius in the monsoon season. Thus, you must pack your gears accordingly!
Therefore, choosing what to take might be very difficult. Here is a sample packing list for your trek to the Everest Base Camp.
- Trekking boots: Trekking boots are a must-have item for all treks. As you will be hiking for 5 to 7 hours every day, bring robust, sturdy boots. Don't skimp on the quality because these are an investment. Make sure to break in your footwear before the trek if they are brand-new.
- Comfortable Backpack: Since you'll be lugging your backpack around all day, it should be comfortable to carry. Make sure your backpack is big enough to hold everything you need while also being lightweight and strong.
- Duffel bag: For every two trekkers, your trip operator makes arrangements for one porter. This means that you will require a duffel bag to provide the porter. Duffel bags should be used instead of suitcases because they are easier to transport. Your duffel bag should be no heavier than 10 kg and have a capacity of approximately 65 liters (22 lb). In addition to being the maximum permitted for the light aircraft you must use to travel between Kathmandu and Lukla, this limit is for the benefit of your porter.
- Trekking poles: Given that you'll be traversing some sloping terrain, you might want to bring your trekking poles. They will be helpful if your legs start to hurt and it becomes tough to continue walking. Going up and downhill when hiking is made simpler by it.
- Swiss knife: A Swiss knife is practical and has many uses.
Clothing when you are on a Trek
- Trekking Shirts (3): Pack at least two full-sleeved shirts and one short-sleeved shirt. Avoid cotton since it absorbs moisture rather than pushing sweat out, leaving you with stinky clothing after a few wears. A fabric that is breathable, light, and quick to dry, such as nylon, merino wool, or polyester, would be excellent.
- Windproof Jacket (1): The wind can be quite swift at higher elevations and occasionally even at lower levels. They occasionally might even accelerate to 10 km/h. A wind jacket shields you from the wind, protecting your chest in particular.
- Trekking shorts (2): It will be sunny and your warm trousers can feel suffocating when you’re on a trek.
- Raincoat and rain trousers (1): It's possible that you'll get some unforeseen snow or rain. Even in September, October, and November, it is best to have a pair with you when hiking.
- Insulating Jacket (1): A lightweight, warm jacket that insulates. As it won't add weight to your heavy luggage, it is therefore ideal for hiking.
- Hiking gloves (2): An outer layer and a layer inside. The warmth-retaining inner layer makes it simple to perform chores. Gloves work well, but the outer layer should be substantial and insulating to prevent frostbites.
- Hiking socks (5 pairs): Socks developed specifically for hiking are cozy and functional. You have a few options for breathable and waterproof footwear.
- Ear muffs (2): Keep yourself warm and covered to prevent frostbite.
- Scarf (1): Helps you protect yourself during windy situations.
- Undergarments (6 pairs): To avoid feeling uncomfortable when trekking, your underwear should be breathable and sweat-wicking. 3 to 6 sets of sports bras and six pairs of athletic underpants should do.
- Sun hat/ Shade Hat (2): To protect your face from the sun, be sure to pack a sun hat or two.
- Sunglasses (2): Protect your eyes from the strong sun.
Clothing when in your Accommodation
- Fleece-lined t-shirt (3): For lodging, be sure to pack warm, cozy t-shirts.
- Fleece-lined trousers (3): For lodging, be sure to pack warm, cozy trousers.
- Basic t-shirts: Bring at least two basic t-shirts with sleeves and one with half sleeves.
- Thermals (2 pairs): To protect you from the cold, the inner layer of clothing is crucial. Carry upper and lower thermals so you can layer them inside of all your other clothing.
- Socks: You might wish to bring some cozy socks for bed. It's advisable to pack more than you need because you might not have time to wash them.
- Fleece-lined jacket (1): Warm and cozy should be the goal.
- Slippers: You can use a pair to roam around the tea houses.
- Toilet paper: The majority of tea houses might have traditional-style lavatories without toilet paper. You need to have your own.
- Wet wipes: Wet wipes are useful when there isn't always access to water.
- Soaps and Shampoo: It will be adequate to use travel-sized shampoo and soap.
- Hand Sanitizer: There might not be any water available to wash your hands because everything above a certain altitude freezes over at night.
- Toothpaste and Toothbrush: These are necessary for all forms of travel. Maybe just a small tube of toothpaste will do.
- Mouth wash: Even for brushing your teeth, the water turns really chilly. Mouthwash could be quite helpful.
- Lip balm: You ought to bring one with SPF in it so that it can shield your lips from the harsh sun and the cold.
- Sunscreen: Make sure you have a good sunscreen with at least SPF 40 because the sun is extremely intense. It is preferable if it also repels water.
- Towel: The ideal option is a quick-dry fiber towel.
- Deodorant: In higher altitudes, you won't be able to take a shower.
- Sleeping bag: Given that you'll be using the bag frequently throughout the trek, it needs to be warm and comfortable.
- Thin Blanket: The warmer the better!
- Earplugs and Eye Mask: They help you sleep better.
While trekking, you could become really hungry. You might be in the middle of nowhere, and stores may not be available. Thus, you should carry snacks with you in order to maintain your energy levels high and to avoid your blood pressure from dropping too low. Here is a list of a few things you might want to carry.
- Trail Mix
- Granola Bars
- Chocolate Bars
- Dry Fruits
Medicine and First Aid
- Small, personal first-aid kit (simple and light)
- Aspirin, first-aid tape, and plasters (Band-Aids)
- 1 skin-blister repair kit
- Anti-diarrhea pills
- Anti-headache pills
- Cough and/or cold medicine
- Anti-altitude sickness pills: Diamox or Acetazolamide
- Stomach antibiotic: Ciprofloxacin, etc. Note: Do not bring sleeping pills as they are a respiratory depressant!
- Water purification tablets or the water filter
- 1 set of earplugs
- Extra pair of prescription glasses, contact lens supplies
- Reading book
- Trail map/guide book
- Journal and pen
- Travel games i.e. chess, backgammon, scrabble, playing cards (to help you pass the time at teahouses and/or camps)
- modest swim suit
- Binoculars (optional)
- Voltage converter (from 220 to 110 ampere)
- Plug adapter (2 round pegs to 2 flat pegs)
- Lightweight pillow case (in case your teahouses provide you with pillows) or use your stuff as a pillow
Some tips you can follow before your Trek to the Everest Base Camp
- Always break in your hiking boots while wearing your hiking socks before your trek.
- Inform your guide of any potential medical issues you may have.
- Check all of your trekking equipment.
- Check the batteries in your cameras and headlamps. Make sure you have a lot of extras.
- For your trek to Everest Base Camp, it's always necessary to layer your clothing. The weather conditions at higher altitudes can and do fluctuate, even during the busiest months of September, October, and November.
We hope that we were able to answer all your queries regarding the essentials to pack for your Trek to Everest Base Camp. Happy Trekking!